HIPPIE BACKGROUND: The 60s/70s + Drug Culture

9 04 2010

The hippie’s were definitely known and remembered for their free love ethos, their distinct style, and select other characteristic. However, there was certain other defining characteristic that they were known for that weren’t of such positive connotations. This would include… their drug habits. These drugs included:

1). Marijuana

– this was the main drug choice of hippies

– it had several alternate names, including ganga, weed, pot, grass, 420

– made from dried up sections of the Cannabis plant

– most commonly used illegal drug in the US (DRUG ABUSE site)

– short term effects are:

  • difficulty thinking
  • a euphoric feeling (calm/relaxed/stress-free)
  • memory impairment
  • pain-relieving (ie, how it is used for medicinal purposes)
  • large food cravings

long term effects include:

  • cancer of the lungs, etc, as 5 joints a day can be equated to smoking an entire package of cigarettes
  • a broken down immune system, due to the marijuana’s negative effects on the T-cells that are used to fight off infections and other threats
  • lungs and airways can be filled with phlegm, coughs may develop, heightened risk due to long exposure of chemicals can in lung infection

2. LSD

– a hallucinogen

– comes from a fugus that grows on grains

– taken tablet form

– effects last about 12 hours

– short term effects include:

  • a cross-referencing of senses (some have remarked they could hear colors, and see sounds)
  • can lead to panic attacks, rapid swinging of emotion, etc.

– long term effects:

  • even from short term use, long term effects can linger: such as the recurrence of LSD like trips as a flashback suddenly coming on
  • it is not considered an addictive drug, but tolerances can be built up and then the user has to continue to take larger doses to get the better high producing an addicted and dangerous effect

3. PCP

– white powder

– comes in tablets, capsules, powder form (powder can be snorted/smoked)

– lasts about 6 hours

– some short term effects can include:

  • mimicking schizophrenia
  • hallucinations
  • disordered thinking

– some long term effects include:

  • memory loss
  • difficult speaking
  • depression
  • weight loss
4. Psilocybin
– obtained from mushrooms

– typically taken orally, and can be brewed in tea or added to food

– effects generally kick in within 20 minutes, and last about 6 hours

– have LSD like properties

– some short term effects include:

  • altered motor functions
  • creates an inability to distinguish between reality and a dream or fantasy
  • altered perception of time

– long term effects can include:

  • flashbacks
  • risk of psychiatric illness
  • memory loss

5. Amphetamines

– taken generally in pill form

– used to increase alertness (decreasing fatigue)

– short term effects can include:

  • shortness of breath
  • dry mouth
  • headache
  • increased heart rate
  • euphoria
  • increased self esteem, confidence
  • paranoia

– upon withdrawal, effects include:

  • anxiety
  • depression
  • increased tiredness
  • appetite increase
  • developing temper
  • suicidal tendencies

6. Heroin

– extracted from the seed of the Asian opium plant

– can be injected, snorted, smoked, etc.

– short term effects include:

  • euphoria
  • awake to drowsy and back and forth state
  • warm flush
  • heaviness of arms/legs, etc.
  • inability to clearly think

– long term effects include:

  • fatal overdose
  • AIDS or other infections for those who inject the drug and share needles
  • insomnia
  • muscle/bone pain
  • vomiting
  • cold shivers
  • goose bumps
  • twitching motions
  • cravings even when having had gone through the withdrawal process